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‘homes’ and classrooms, for disadvantaged scholars and persons with disabilities who may
       be prevented from physically attending schools, but also for all citizens who may have
       difficulty reading in non-mother tongue languages. Aiding vocational training, virtual
       apprenticeships, as well as improving adult literacy and the development of agricultural
       practices, agri-market development, weather updates. Emergency Warnings are also
       facilitated by DRM’s audio and data broadcasting capabilities. Not forgetting vital auxiliary

       benefits of digital radio such as social cohesion and teacher training (and compensating
       for their absence).

       Students or participating households could be given Digital Networks standalone iAfrica
       DRM radio receivers with Journaline functionality or DRM radio adaptors (also Journaline
       enabled) to plug into existing ICT devices such as laptops, tablets and car radio USB ports
       so that they can receive digital audio and text broadcasts that are free-of-data costs.
       SW digital radio transmissions could also be received on smartphones via apps or online
       streaming. Alternatively, in the initial start-up stages, the SW Radio Education Channel
       could be broadcast in analogue shortwave (without Journaline data and text functionality)
       to enable scholars to immediately receive spoken word lessons and recordings via their
       existing AM / FM radio receivers for an immediate solution whilst the DRM transmission
       infrastructure is being installed. Or via DRM-FM rebroadcasting systems once the DRM-SW
       transmitter has been installed, to enable listeners to use existing FM analogue radio
       receivers (albeit sans Journaline functionality in that instance).

       Convergence teaching of mother tongue language interventions notwithstanding, other
       cognitive factors involved in reading printed text has been proven to significantly affect
       literacy and comprehension. Studies and practical in-school implementation programmes
       using both spoken word versions of text books (Talking e-Books), read in concert with
       reading printed text (or braille), have proven highly successful in improving overall
       literacy, comprehension and exam pass rates. Not only for students with disabilities, but
       also for able bodied scholars who have difficulty reading.

       South Africa’s obligations to DRC (Channel Africa); ITU / GE-06 SADC & Sub-
       Saharan Africa - Important for South Africa to retain its status as the premiere ITU
       Region 1 SW Broadcaster for the African Continent:

                    Web: Address: 514 White Street, Bailey's Muckleneuk, Pretoria   8
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